Virginia LLC (6-Step Guide) – How to Form an LLC in Virginia?

Start a Virginia LLC With Professional Help (from $0+state fees)

For those looking to start a new business or upgrade their existing one, there is one option you should not overlook, a Virginia LLC. With this business structure, your company can thrive with the pass-through taxation this structure can offer. Plus, should your business ever be incapable of paying its debts, a Virginia LLC can protect your personal assets.

Additionally, Virginia has topped lists of business-friendly states for years with an incredibly positive regulatory environment, numerous incentive programs, and a high quality of life. So if you aren’t convinced yet, let’s take a look at why you would want a Virginia LLC, the pros & cons, and how to form your Virginia LLC in six easy steps.

If you want to skip the hassle of starting a Virginia LLC yourself, consider using professional help:

Why Would You Want a Virginia LLC?

As we just said, there are a number of advantages to forming a Virginia LLC. Though the state has proven beneficial to many structures, an LLC has proven to stand out over other structures such as general partnerships and C corporations. So let’s take a look at why you would want a Virginia LLC.

  • Limited Personal Liability: The biggest reason most business owners would want a Virginia LLC is the protection it offers from personal liability. With a Virginia LLC, if your business cannot repay its debts, the personal assets of its owners cannot be held accountable under most conditions. This is a huge boon to most entrepreneurs looking to start a business but concerned with the liability they could face if their plans do not turn out as they had hoped.

Luckily with a Virginia LLC, your car, home, bank account, and any other assets are secure from creditors. This applies even if your business is sued due to injuries or any other circumstances and cannot pay for damages. This is an advantage that can help you be more confident in taking chances to make your business grow, knowing that should the worst come to pass, at least your family will still have a roof over their heads.

  • Above Average Privacy: With a Virginia LLC, you can receive considerable protection for your privacy. With the growing number of criminals and scam artists stealing your information nowadays, it is particularly important to take steps to keep your personal information as secure as it can be.

Unfortunately, with some structures such as sole proprietorships, you have to register your information, such as your home address, with the state to be placed on public record. This means that anyone can do a simple web search to find your information on the public registry of the Office of the Clerk.

But, with Virginia LLCs, there is a way to get around this problem and protect all of your personal information. Virginia allows companies to form an LLC and register their name and address with the state by using an LLC formation service. Virginia LLC’s members can allow the service to register on their behalf and keep their own information secure and private without affecting their ownership of the business.

  • Lower Taxes: Another major benefit of Virginia LLCs is the lower taxes that an LLC’s members can benefit from by forming this structure over corporations that receive similar liability benefits. With a C corporation, your business will suffer from a phenomenon called “double taxation.”

Double taxation means that your business will be taxed for all its earnings on the business level before earnings are ever paid out. The after-profit and loss are divvied up and distributed to the company’s members. These owners will then pay for earnings on a personal level.

This means that for all of the money the company takes in, taxes will be paid twice. With a Virginia LLC, though, you can enjoy the protection from liability and enjoy “pass-through” taxation. With pass-through taxation, profits will simply pass through the business to your personal tax return to be paid only once. This can save business owners a lot of money.

Plus, it is worth considering whether your business can receive additional tax benefits that the state offers to LLCs, such as the Qualified Business Income Deduction which offers up to 20% in discounts on taxes. These are considerable incentives reserved for Virginia LLCs.

Quick Virginia LLC Pros & Cons

Now that you know why you would want a Virginia LLC, let’s talk about the pros and cons of this structure. We know you are busy, so we will make this quick and look at the most important points to help you figure out if a Virginia LLC is right for you.


As you would expect, with such a dependably highly rated state for business, there are a number of pros to a Virginia LLC. Here are some of the biggest.

  • High Income: Virginia residents have a well above average income with an annual median of $68,114. This is close to $10,000 more than the average nationwide and is accompanied by a lower-than-average poverty rate.
  • No Extra Taxes: A Virginia LLC won’t face the extra taxes many states impose on LLCs, such as corporate tax rates and franchise taxes. The only taxes the owner of a Virginia LLC owe is the owner’s personal taxes.
    If you want to see the full cost picture — read our Virginia LLC cost guide here. We comprehensively list all of the costs and fees associated with LLC incorporation.
  • Considerable Privacy: Virginia does not have a requirement for all members or managers to be disclosed in the incorporation paperwork. Instead, an organizer can form the LLC on the owner’s behalf.
  • Strong Liability Protection: Virginia’s laws provide strong protections for the personal assets of LLC owners. Under the state’s law, creditors may only seek relief through court-ordered liens on distributions or charging orders.


Despite the many pros, there are still cons to consider in a major decision like this.

  • Above Average Cost of Living: The state of Virginia lies next to both the ocean and the capital, which results in a significantly higher cost of living, particularly where housing is concerned. Specifically, Virginia lies more than a third over the national average for cost of living.
  • Below Average Job Growth: Despite its strong economy Virginia suffers from slow job growth. This state has recently ranked in the bottom 10 in this category with only a .6% growth. The state has also struggled with migration and the slow expansion of youth.

How to Form Your Virginia LLC in Six Easy Steps?

Now that you have learned why you would want a Virginia LLC, as well as the pros and cons of this structure, it is time to show you how you can form your Virginia LLC. In six easy steps, you can get the job done and get your business underway.

Step 1: Choose Your Virginia LLC’s Name


Your first step in forming your Virginia LLC is choosing a name for it. This name should reflect on what your business will provide customers and stand out. A good name should be unique and preferably stand out well in search engines. Your company’s name will be your first chance to make an impression on customers and should not be underestimated. There are a few steps you should take to pick a name.

  • Pick a Distinguishable Name: The state of Virginia requires LLCs to pick a name that is distinguishable from all previously registered business names. To do this, you will need to use the Name Check Availability Tool on the State Corporation Commission website. Enter your chosen name into the tool and click to check if a name is distinguishable from other names on record with the State Corporation Commission.
  • Check for a Suitable Domain Name: Down the line, most businesses will benefit from having a business website. However, it can often be a challenge to find a suitable domain name that isn’t already taken. In order to ensure that if and when you want to create a website, a name is available, do a quick web search. Remember that if the .com name is taken other TLDs are often available such as .biz, .co, or .net. So, make sure to do some due diligence and ensure that a domain name is available, and if it is, be sure to snap it up to make sure it won’t be gone by the time you are ready to make a website.
  • Check for a Social Media Handle: Just like with a business website, most businesses will benefit from having social media pages on one or more platforms. For some types of businesses, this is particularly important, but just about any page on major networks such as Facebook, Linked In, and others can help. So, make sure to check some social networks to see if a suitable handle is available.

Now that you have a suitable name, you will have to attach a designator to it. This designator is simply the word “Limited Liability Company” or one of its abbreviations such as “LLC” or “L.L.C.” These words are there just to let everyone know that your business is a limited liability company.

On the same note, make sure not to attach any other designator such as In. or non-profit as this could easily confuse others and, as a result, is prohibited. Similarly, words such as bank or university should only be used if you have suitable permission, which generally will be the case if you have certain professional licenses or charters.

These rules are not that difficult to follow but keep in mind that most rejections of an LLC’s Articles of Organization occur due to issues with the chosen name. So, do yourself a favor and ensure that your chosen name meets the qualifications.

Also, try to pick a name you expect to be satisfied with for the long haul. Though it is not impossible to change your chosen LLC name, it is a pain, and there will be a few fees along the way.

Often if you do become dissatisfied with your LLC’s name for any reason, the easier route is to file for a DBA. This registration, often known as a fictitious name, can be freely used in place of your LLC’s registered name and only costs $10 to file.

Step 2: Appoint a Virginia LLC Registered Agent


Virginia requires every LLC to appoint a registered agent to receive official correspondence on their behalf. This correspondence may include tax forms, regulatory notices, and, most notable, service of process. You will need to make this selection before you file your Articles of Organization as the individual or service you choose will need to be included in the filing.

The individual you choose could be yourself, family or friends, another member of your LLC, or a commercial registered agent service. Your choices here are quite broad and pretty much only limited by whether or not the individual or company in question has a physical street address located within the state of Virginia.

Keep in mind that a registered agent will have to be present at the address you provide during all regular business hours, and no P.O. Box does not count.

Should You Choose a Registered Agent Service Instead of Being One Yourself?

Most LLC owners find themselves considering two options either serving as their own registered agent or choosing a registered agent service. Most end up choosing the latter, and there are many reasons for this.

First of all, a registered agent service means that your name and address won’t be plastered upon public record for everyone to see. Instead, the service you choose will be, and this can avoid a lot of annoying sales visits and your information being stolen.

Plus, keep in mind that if you do choose to serve as your own registered agent, you will have to be at the address you provide during all regular business hours, which essentially means nine to five, for many businesses that work during different hours or involve travel this simply won’t work.

However, with a registered agent service, you don’t have to worry. They will be there every day, rain or shine.
If you want to make the best choice — read our Best Registered Agents list right here.

Step 3: File Your Virginia LLC’s Articles of Organization


Now, this is what it all comes down to, filing your Virginia LLC’s Articles of Organization. Once this document is filed with and approved by the Virginia State Corporation Commission, it will officially form your LLC as a legal entity.

You have two options for filing your Articles of Organization, and these are to file it by mail or to file online. The second of these two options is generally the easiest so let’s take a look at that first.

Filing online can easily be performed through the Clerks Information System on the Virginia State Corporation Commission website. You will have to make an account, but there you can easily input your business information and pay the $100 filing fee online to finish your filing in minutes.

If you would rather file by mail, this is an option. Simply print out the form, “Articles of Organization of a Virginia Limited Liability Company,” and fill it out. Next, mail it to the State Corporation Commission with the $100 filing fee to:

State Corporation Commission
Clerk’s Office
P.O. Box 1197
Richmond, VA 23218-119

Step 4: Create an Operating Agreement for Your Virginia LLC


Now that your Articles of Organization are filed, it is time to get the ground rules for how your business will operate out of the way. These rules are established in an LLC operating agreement.

Notably, the state of Virginia does not require these to be filed under most circumstances. The exception to this being if you need a Virginia Sales Tax License, in which case you will need to file your operating agreement as a part of the license application.

However, whether required or not, an operating agreement is an important document for preventing and settling disputes between members and will typically be necessary to open a business bank account or receive loans. Plus, if a dispute between members ends up in court, this document is where a judge will look in order to settle it.

Here are some details any good LLC operating agreement should include:

  • Member Information: Who are the members of your LLC and, if relevant, managers? This should be outlined in your operating agreement.
  • Management and Voting Structure: Will your LLC be managed by its members or by a manager. How will members make decisions, and if a manager will, what decisions can they make, and what will happen if members disagree? Rules for all of these concerns should be provided.
  • Capital Contribution, Ownership, and Distributions: What capital will members of the LLC be contributing, and how will membership be allocated? Often this will determine how profit and loss will be allocated to members, but it does not have to if you specify another rule here.
  • Changes in Membership: It is important to include rules for how members can exit the LLC and how their shares of ownership will be treated. On the same note, rules for accepting new members should be included as well.
  • Dissolution: It is likely not the topic you want to think about when your company is just getting started, but it is important to plan for how your business will deal with dissolution if it comes to pass. This should include rules for how assets will be divvied up and who, if any, will retain the right to continue the business.

Step 5: Get an EIN for Your VA LLC


Most business owners will want to get an EIN. An EIN is an Employer Identification Number. This is a nine-digit number that the IRS uses to identify your business for tax purposes. You are not required to get an EIN unless your LLC intends to hire employees or has two or more members. However, even if your LLC does not have two or more members and you don’t want to hire any employees, you may find you still need an EIN to open a business bank account. Also, having an EIN is another way to show that your business is a separate entity.

How To Apply

You can apply for an EIN by mail, fax, or online, although applying online is the fastest way to get your EIN. In addition to this, international applicants can apply by telephone.  To apply by mail, you will need to complete Form SS-4  and then print it and mail it to:

Internal Revenue Service
Attn:  EIN Operation
Cincinnati, OH 45999

You can also apply by filling out Form SS-4 and faxing it to (855) 641-6935. If you have a Federal Tax Identification Number, such as a Social Security Number, you can apply online at the IRS website. The process doesn’t take very long, and you get your EIN as soon as you are finished. Just make sure to finish the process in one session because your progress will not be saved if you leave the site before finishing.

International applicants can apply by phone for their EIN. Just call 267-941-1099 between the hours of 6 am to 11 pm Eastern Time Monday through Friday.

Step 6: Obtain a Business Bank Account in Virginia


One of the main reasons most business people start an LLC is to make sure their personal assets are protected should their business be sued or fail. However, to ensure you keep this limited liability, you need to keep your personal finances separate from your business finances. This will help ensure that your LLC is seen as its own separate entity. If you mix your personal finances with your business finances and your LLC is ever sued, the court could decide to remove your business’s limited liability. This is called piercing the corporate veil. If this happens, the personal assets of you and the other members of your LLC could be at risk.

The best way to keep this from happening is to open a business bank account. If you have a business bank account, then all of your business transactions should be separate from your personal transactions. This can help make it clear to a court that your LLC is a separate entity.

There are other advantages to a business bank account as well. By keeping all your business transactions in one place, it can make bookkeeping as well as taxes a lot easier. In addition to this, it gives you an opportunity to form a relationship with a bank.  This can be helpful if you ever want to take out a loan or open a line of credit. It should also allow you to accept credit cards which can help increase your business.

Steps for Growing and Maintaining Your Virginia LLC

Your business may be started, but that doesn’t mean there is nothing left to do. Here are some ways for you to grow and maintain your Virginia LLC.

1. Business Insurance


You will probably want a number of insurances for your new business. Some insurances such as Workers’ Compensation Insurance may be required by the state, and your landlord may require you to have insurance as well. Others such as liability insurance may not be required, but it is a good idea to have them.

You will probably be required to have Workers’ Compensation Insurance by the state if you have any employees. This insurance will cover these employees on the job in case of injury, illness, or death.

You will probably want liability insurance as well. Liability insurance will help protect you should your business get sued. With an LLC, your personal assets are generally protected should your business be sued, but your business assets can still be taken to satisfy any debts or judgments against your business. But having liability insurance can protect your business assets should your business be sued. This will help you to protect the business you’ve worked so hard for.

It is also a good idea to get liability insurance for the members of your LLC. The members of your LLC could be sued personally if negligence or wrongdoing is involved,   and if this happens, their personal assets could be at risk. So it is a good idea to have liability insurance so you’ll be protected.

2. Start a Business Website


Most businesses will want a website these days. This is true even for brick-and-mortar businesses that really don’t conduct any business online. Many people will do a search online before they buy a product, and you want potential customers to be able to find your business. After all, if they can’t find your business online, customers will find another business to buy from.

You won’t have to worry about it being too difficult to build a website since there are so many tools available online to help you build your website. You should have an easy time building your website and getting it up and running quickly. Also, if you are using an LLC formation service, one of their features may be building a website.

3. Get the Necessary Permits and Licenses for Virginia


There are a few licenses and permits that many Virginia LLC owners will need to acquire. Here are some details on what your business may need.

  • Virginia State Tax Permit: You may need to get a Virginia State Sales Tax Permit for your business. Not all businesses are required to get this permit, but those that engage in certain types of business are, such as:
  •  Offering taxable services
  •  Selling or leasing personal property

If you need to get a Virginia State Sales Tax Permit, you will find the necessary forms on the Virginia Legislative Information System.

  • Other Business Licenses & Permits: You may need other licenses and permits to operate your business as well. This will depend on the industry you operate in as well as the area in which your business is located. You can find out what licenses you need by checking with your state and local government. You’ll want to make sure you get any licenses or permits you need to avoid any fines or penalties.

Form a Virginia LLC With Professional Help Today

When you are busy getting your business underway, you may not have the time to handle all the odds and ends of filing for your Virginia LLC. If you need some help to get started, these businesses are some of the best and can help you by handling all the legwork of filing your company with the state.

#1: Start a Virginia LLC with ZenBusiness

ZenBusiness is a great LLC formation company, and its reviews show that. It gets excellent customer reviews. ZenBusiness has reasonable prices and offers 25% off of registered agent service with any of their packages. Their packages all have great features, such as a free operating agreement and filing your annual report for you if you want.

$0 + State Fees

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#2: Start a Virginia LLC with Incfile

Incfile is a very popular LLC formation service. One of the reasons for its popularity is its free package. Not many LLC formation services provide a free package. All you need to pay with their free package is the state fee. This free package is particularly good because it has a number of good features as well. You get a year of free registered agent service, which is a good deal since this can often cost anywhere from $100 to $300. They also include free lifetime company alerts in their packages. These alerts will inform you of any upcoming filing requirements with the state to help you stay in good standing.

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Final Thoughts

A Virginia LLC is one of the best choices in the country for businesses nationwide. With this structure, you can get the beneficial tax structure your business needs to thrive with reduced liability to provide you with the confidence to pursue your goals. Virginia has been near the top of the charts for nearly two decades for a reason, and forming an LLC in this state is a good call for a large number of businesses.


How Do You Get a Certificate of Good Standing in Virginia?

Obtaining a Certificate of Good Standing for your LLC can be useful for a number of purposes, such as:

  •  Forming a foreign LLC in a different state
  •  Obtaining or renewing various permits or licenses
  •  Obtaining loans or lines of credit from a bank

In Virginia, this certificate is called a Certificate of Fact of Existence instead of a Certificate of Good Standing. The certificate shows that you legally formed your Virginia LLC and have correctly maintained it. You can apply for this certificate online.

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