Maryland LLC (6 Step Guide) – How to Form an LLC in Maryland

Start a Maryland LLC Now With the Help of Professionals

A Maryland limited liability company (LLC) is an excellent business structure for protecting your personal assets and potentially lowering your tax burden. This hybrid structure combines some of the best features of a corporation and a sole proprietorship while adding considerable flexibility in how you run your business.

Maryland has one of the most educated workforces in the country and an extremely high population density making for ample business opportunities. So, look no further than a Maryland LLC to get your business started.

If you want to skip the hassle of starting a Maryland LLC yourself, consider using professional help:

Most Importantly – What Is an LLC?

An LLC is one of several different types of business structures that can be used, including sole proprietorships, general partnerships, and corporations. In an LLC and a corporation, the owners of the business are legally distinct from the business.

What that means is that the business owners are generally not legally liable for the business’s debts in case of lawsuits or business failure. As long as the owners act in good faith, they are generally safe from loss of personal assets.

Additionally, a Maryland LLC is a pass-through entity meaning that it is not taxed as an entity. Instead, the owners of the LLC will pay for earnings on their personal tax returns avoiding the double taxation that corporations generally suffer from.

Often times an LLC can raise your business’s credibility as well. Due to the fact the business requires filing and establishes itself as separate from its owners, many customers and vendors are likely to take it more seriously.

Why Would You Want a Maryland LLC?

There are a number of reasons to form a Maryland LLC from its reduced business maintenance, potentially lower tax burden, and reduced liability. Let’s take a look at all of these reasons to file.
And if you’re wondering about the costs you will have to cover when starting a Maryland LLC — here’s our comprehensive guide on Maryland LLC costs.

1. Doing Your Business in Maryland & Reduced Business Maintenance

One of the main reasons why you would want an LLC in Maryland is if you plan to do business in that state or you plan to own some assets there.

In addition, many entrepreneurs prefer an LLC due to its reduced business maintenance. A corporation requires considerable maintenance, including the annual meeting, recording of minutes, as well as a large quantity of paperwork. But LLCs possess very little maintenance of any kind, making it easy for new business owners.

2. Tax Benefits

C type Corporations have to pay taxes on the entity level, and then owners must pay for any earnings they receive on their personal tax returns. This results in the double-taxation corporations are known for. This is rarely desirable; however, if circumstances make it advantageous, an LLC can opt for this tax treatment.

Otherwise, however, an LLC will typically act as a pass-through entity, meaning that earnings and losses pass through the business untaxed and go to the owners, where it is reported on their personal tax returns. This is the same tax treatment as owners and general partnerships receive.

3. Reduced Liability

This is the main reason that many entrepreneurs prefer to form LLCs, and small business owners will upgrade to them. With a sole proprietorship or general partnership, owners are not regarded as distinct from their company. When the business is sued or otherwise has debts it cannot pay, then the owner would be held responsible for repaying them.

But, if the business is an LLC and is sued or otherwise has debts that it cannot repay, it will typically not be held responsible for them. This is a significant benefit that corporations benefit from.

Pros and Cons of a Maryland LLC

There are a number of pros to a Maryland LLC and a few cons to consider as well. Before you get started with formation, make sure to consider these and decide if a Maryland LLC is right for you.


  • Flexible Management and Increased Privacy: Maryland’s Limited Liability Company Act provides LLC’s members with considerable freedom to manage their business however they choose. It also gives a considerable degree of privacy by not requiring members to be listed on the LLC’s Articles of Organization.
  • One of the Best States for Entrepreneurs: Maryland is often ranked among the top ten states for entrepreneurs as well as one of the best states for startups. This is good news for those looking to start their business, and with a high rate of upper education, qualified employees are much easier to find than in most states.
  • One of the Best States for Ports: The Port of Baltimore handles record-breaking quantities of cargo, particularly automobiles; this generates billions in revenues with hundreds of millions in tax revenues for the government. This may not seem relevant to entrepreneurs and small businesses on the surface, but oftentimes your small business will spend a considerable sum on shipping, especially if you are looking to start an online retail business.


  • Vague Legal Boundaries: The Maryland Limited Liability Company Act allows considerable flexibility on how an LLC may be structured and run. Though advantageous in many ways, this can lead to confusion in interpreting how the law applies in many circumstances. This can lead to disputes between members, and it may come down to a court to decide how a law applies.
  • Lacking Infrastructure: Maryland’s state government is predicted to need to spend billions on improving several facets of infrastructure, including bridges, dams, quality of drinking water, and the state’s wastewater system. This will reduce Maryland’s ability to invest in other areas such as economic development projects.

6 Step Guide On Forming an LLC in Maryland

Now that you know what an LLC is and the pros and cons of forming a Maryland LLC, hopefully, you’ve decided that forming one is right for you. So, let’s get started and look at how you can form your own Maryland LLC.

Step1: Choose a Name for Your Maryland LLC

Your first step in forming a Maryland LLC is choosing a name. This will be the first impression you make on customers and others who come in contact with your business, so make sure to put some thought into it.

However, there are some rules for you to follow when you name your Maryland LLC. First of all, the name must be unique from other businesses already registered with the state. This can be done using the Maryland Business Express Website. Use this to search for keywords from your name and see if it is distinguishable from existing business names.

Required Words: Maryland requires you to include certain words or abbreviations in the name of your LLC. These include the options: Limited Liability Company, LLC, L.L.C., LC, and L.C.

Restricted Words: Your name cannot include any words that would cause your business to be confused with a government agency, certain licensed professionals such as lawyers, or certain institutions such as banks or colleges.

Step2: Choose a Resident Agent in The State of MD


Now that you have chosen a name for your LLC, the second step is to choose your LLC’s resident agent. A resident agent, known in most states as a registered agent, is an individual or business that will receive any official correspondence on behalf of your LLC. These include official tax forms and even notices if your business is being sued.

Here you can find out more about Registered Agents.

You can choose a member of your LLC, a friend, a family member, or a resident agent service to act as your resident agent. However, keep in mind that the address of a resident agent is made public. Also, a resident agent needs to be available to receive official documents during all business hours.

These requirements can make the job inconvenient for a person since they may not want their address made public, and it could be difficult for some people to be available during all of the required hours. Also, should the business ever be sued, it may be embarrassing to be served the paperwork in front of friends, family, or customers. For these reasons, many businesses prefer to have a resident agent service act as their resident agent. If you choose to hire a resident agent service, make sure they are licensed to operate in the state of Maryland and have a physical address in Maryland.

Step 3: File the Articles of Organization For Your Maryland LLC


The Articles of Organization are what you need to file to actually form your LLC. So, it’s important to fill them out correctly. The form includes essential information about your LLC, and you will file it with the State Department of Assessments and Taxation. You can do this by mail or online.

To know more on how to file your Articles of Organization and get a free template — click here.

If you choose to file by mail, it will cost $100 and take about four to six weeks to process. You can mail the application to:

State Department of Assessments & Taxation,
301 W Preston St, Room 801
Baltimore, MD 21201, United States

The fastest way to file your Articles of Organization is online. You can do this on the Maryland Business Express Site. There is a $100 fee, but it should be done within seven days.

There are certain things you’ll need to know to fill out your Articles of Organization whether you apply online or by mail, such as:

  • Name of Your LLC: Make sure you follow any rules for naming your business. Then, do a search for the name you want to see if it is available. After this, fill in the full name of your business correctly on the form.
  • The Purpose of Your LLC: For this question, just write what your business will be doing.
  • Business Address: Put the physical address of your business. P.O. Boxes are not allowed.
  • Resident Agent Information: This is where you put the name, address, and signature of your resident agent.

Step 4: Draft an Operating Agreement


After you file your Articles of Organization, it’s a good idea to draft an operating agreement for your LLC. Maryland law does not require it, but every LLC should have one. It details the structure of your LLC along with the rights and responsibilities of its members.

Read more on how to get an Operating Agreement here.

An operating agreement can help avoid arguments between members in the future. It can also allow you to make some decisions about your LLC that would otherwise be determined by state default laws. You have a lot of freedom in what you can include in an operating agreement, but there are a few things you should be sure to include, which we will discuss.

  • Members’ Names and Percentage of Ownership: The agreement should list the names of all of the members in the LLC and what percentage of the business they own. This is typically based on the amount the member invested, but that does not have to be the case. If the members decide to assign ownership on a different basis, it should be explained in the operating agreement.
  • Management: You can choose to have a member-managed or manager-managed LLC.  A member-managed LLC is a more common choice. In this option, all of the members of the LLC are responsible for the daily running of the LLC as well as any decisions about the LLC. The members can divide these responsibilities among themselves any way they choose. But, this is best detailed in the operating agreement.

Another option for management is a manager-managed LLC. In this option, the members of the LLC choose a manager or managers to run the LLC for them. Once the managers are chosen, the managers run the business and make any decisions for the business. The members can give advice, but the managers are not required to take the advice. The members can reserve certain decisions for themselves, but this needs to be specified in the operating agreement.

  • Profits and Losses: Profits and losses are usually distributed based on the percentage of ownership. However, this does not have to be the case. There are some circumstances in which a business may choose a different method, such as when one member has a lot of experience or is expected to do more of the work. But, however, the profits will be allocated, it is best to include this in the operating agreement.
  • Voting: The members of an LLC will likely have to vote on many decisions. So, it’s best to include in the operating agreement how voting rights will be allocated as well as which decisions will require a majority or supermajority.
  • Member Withdrawal: A member of your LLC may eventually want to withdraw. So, to avoid confusion should this happen, it’s a good idea to specify in the operating agreement how it will be handled. You should mention if the member would be required to offer to sell their shares to other members before selling them to outsiders. Also, you can limit anyone to which the shares are sold to sharing profits and losses, but not having a say in any decisions, if you choose.
  • Dissolution: Although it may be tempting not to think about it. There may come a time when you’ll want to end your LLC. Therefore, it’s best to plan ahead to avoid problems in the future. You should include in the operating agreement whether a majority or supermajority vote will be required to end the LLC. It’s also a good idea to include how any assets that are left after any debts are paid will be divided.

Step 5: Obtain an EIN in Maryland


An EIN or Employer Identification Number is a nine-digit number that is used to identify a business for tax purposes. The number is also sometimes called a Federal Tax Identification Number. An EIN is required if you want to hire employees or if your LLC has two or more members.

An EIN has other uses as well. You will probably need an EIN if you want to open a business bank account or obtain a loan.

It’s easy to get an EIN, and you can obtain it for free through the IRS online, by mail, by fax, or by telephone if you’re an international applicant.  A Taxpayer Identification Number is necessary to apply. You can file online at the IRS website by filling out the application. Make sure you finish it in one session because if you don’t, it won’t be saved. Once you complete the application online, you will receive an EIN immediately.

You can apply by mail by filling out Form SS-4 and mailing it to:

Internal Revenue Service
Attn:  EIN Operation
Cincinnati, OH 45999

Or you can Fax the form to (855) 641-6935

If you are an international applicant, you can apply by phone between the hours of 6 a.m. and 11 p.m. eastern time on weekdays. The phone number is 267-941-1099.

Step 6: Open a Business Bank Account in MD


You are not required to open a business bank account for your LLC, but it is crucial for maintaining your limited liability. Having a business bank account helps keep your business transactions separate from any of your members’ personal transactions. This is especially important if your LLC ever gets taken to court. If the court believes you have mixed personal transactions with your LLC’s finances, the court could pierce the corporate veil, which would allow the LLC’s members to be held responsible for any debts.

Having a business checking account will also give your business a more professional appearance. It will also give you a chance to form a relationship with a bank, which could be useful should you ever want a loan. If you have a business bank account, you can also accept credit cards.

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Final Thoughts

Now you know how to form a Maryland LLC, and as you have seen, it is a manageable process that will result in a number of benefits. With reduced liability, lower tax burden, and a considerable degree of flexibility, a Maryland LLC is a smart choice for most entrepreneurs who do business in Maryland.

Plus, Maryland can offer your business a far greater degree of flexibility and privacy than in many other states. So, don’t delay in forming your LLC and get started today!

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